Soundbites & Videos
Here you will find Audio Files and Links to YouTube Videos produced or of significant relevance to
The 1745 Association.
Click on the "play" buttons or picture links to listen or view.
2022 Chairmans Report
An audio File of the Chairman of the 1745 Association's report submitted at the 2022 AGM, held on 5th October 2022.
2021 Chairmans Report
An audio File of the Chairman of the 1745 Association's report submitted at the 2021 AGM, held on 29th October 2021.
The Day of Culloden
“Great are the depths of my sorrow
As I mourn for the wounds of my land.”
So opens the last and greatest poem composed by John Roy Stuart, Colonel of the Edinburgh Regiment, as he reflected on the disaster of Culloden.
This year, 2020, the annual commemoration of the battle has been cancelled, following advice from both the Scottish and UK Governments to minimise all non-essential social contact to counter the spread of the corona virus.
In remembrance of the anniversary of Culloden on April 16th, we offer a translation of John Roy’s poem and a rendition of extracts from it in Gaelic and English. The poem, composed by an officer wounded at the battle who saw many of his men fall around him and the cause to which he dedicated his life destroyed in a single hour, serves as a reminder that there was a time very much worse than today, and that, no matter how dark the outlook may seem, life goes on and better times will come.
Lament for Lady Macintosh
During the early 1730s, John Roy Stuart composed one of his finest poems, a eulogy for Lady Christian MacIntosh.
The Lament for Lady MacIntosh or Cumha Do Bhaintighearna Mhic-An-Toisich serves as a timeless elegy to those who have died before their time. In the poem, John Roy evokes the forces of nature to capture the calamity of her passing, and concludes with an expression of his own profound grief.
This rendition of the Lament in Gaelic and English is given by Brigadier John MacFarlane, who served as Chairman of The 1745 Association between 2003 and 2009 and President of the Association between 2009 and 2019.
2020 Chairmans Report
An audio File of the Chairman of the 1745 Association's report submitted at the 2020 AGM, held on 5th September 2020.
2019 Chairmans Report
An audio File of the Chairman of the 1745 Association's report submitted at the 2019 AGM.
"The Quest for Cluny's Cage"
by Glen MacDonald
In this talk, Glen MacDonald tells the story of an expedition launched by the 1745 Association in June 2017 to seek the location of Cluny's Cage on remote Ben Alder, the last hiding place of Prince Charles Edward Stuart as a fugitive in the Highlands between September 3rd and September 13th 1746 before his escape to France. Glen tells the story of how the cage was constructed by Ewan MacPherson of Cluny, considers the evidence regarding its physical layout and assesses different theories regarding its possible location. He then goes on to describe how he and Jim King identified a cave during the June 2017 expedition that appears to meet the Cage's essential criteria, being not visible from below, with an entrance concealed by two enormous boulders underneath a sheer cliff face consistent with the Cage's description by Donald MacPherson in 'The Lyon in Mourning', and offering panoramic views of Loch Ericht from which any approaching redcoats could be seen, enabling those in the Cage to make their escape before the enemy arrived. While conceding that this evidence is circumstantial rather than conclusive, Glen concludes his talk by suggesting further forensic and archaeological studies of the site could establish whether it contains any further supporting evidence that it might have been the true location of Cluny's Cage.
"A Jacobite Miscellany"
by Janet Niepokojczycka
In a Jacobite Miscellany, Janet Niepokojczycka offers personal insights into six sites of Jacobite interest with which she has a personal connection, as follows:
 Swarkestone Bridge.
 Wentworth Woodhouse.
 Nostell Priory.
 Newby Hall.
 Finsthwaite Church.
 Chorley Hall.
Janet concludes with two short poems about Culloden inspired by visits to the battlefield.
"The Horses of Culloden". Three Poems by Janet Niepokojczycka
In this short video, Janet recites three poems she composed inspired by her visits to the Culloden Battlefield and reflections on the fate of the horses deployed there. The first two,, 'For want of a nail' and 'My horse lies dead', are roundels of alternately rhyming couplets with the opening words repeated as a refrain, while the third, 'Drumossie Moor', is a shorter poem composed on the battlefield in April 2016.
“Murray of Tullibardine Tartan"
Peter MacDonald is Scotland’s foremost tartan historian and Head of Research at the Scottish Tartans Authority. He specialises in all aspects of Tartan, with a particular interest in Jacobite era patterns and techniques through to the early commercial production of tartan by the famous weaving firm Wilsons of Bannockburn. He begins his talk on the Murray of Tullibardine Tartan by tracing its origins and its link with the Earls of Dunmore, starting with the second son of the first Marquis of Tullibardine. He then goes on to discuss how the tartan was used by 18th century artists in paintings such as that of Lord George Murray in Highland dress, and Allan Ramsay's famous portraits of Flora MacDonald, Norman MacLeod and the Earl of Loudon. He then considers examples of the tartan that can be seen today at Blair Castle, ancestral home of the Murrays of Tullibardine, and its enduring use today by family members and more widely as a fashionable and stylish tartan with links to the Jacobite Cause.
“Annual Culloden Lecture 2023"
Talk by Michael Nevin
The 2023 Annual Culloden Lecture, delivered as part of the annual commemoration to mark the 277th anniversary of the last battle fought on British soil, examines cognitive biases that led to Culloden. Following a short introduction by the 1745 Association's President, the Very Rev'd Dr Emsley Nimmo, and a tribute to the Association's previous Chair, the eminent military historian Dr Christopher Duffy who passed away in November 2022, the current Chair, Michael Nevin, applies Prospect Theory to assess seven strategic decisions on the road to Culloden, as follows:
1. July 1745: Confirmation Bias and the decision to instigate the Rising.
2. August 1745: Loss Aversion, the Sunk Cost Fallacy and the decision to continue the Rising after the loss of the 'Elisabeth'.
3: October 30th 1745: Prospect Framing, the Allais Paradox and the decision to advance into England.
4: December 5th 1745: Ambiguity Aversion, the Ellsberg Paradox and the decision to retreat from Derby.
5: December 19th 1745: The Endowment Effect and the decision to leave a garrison in Carlisle.
6: February 1746: The Affect Heuristic and the retreat north after the Battle of Falkirk Muir.
7. April 1746: Optimism Bias, the Night March on Nairn and the decision to stand at Culloden.
The presentation concludes with the identification of what the speaker terms 'Bonnie Prince Charlie Syndrome' as the underlying cause of the failure of the Rising of 174
“The Strange Mystery of the Jacobite Graves in Cumbria"
Talk by Frank Morgan Grant
In a fascinating talk, Frank Morgan Grant reveals the results of the research he has undertaken to find out the last resting place in Carlisle, Brampton and Penrith of those Jacobites executed there in 1746. Who were they? Where and when were they executed? What was the rationale behind who was executed and why were particular places chosen for this gruesome task?
Frank comments that, "Everything is not what it seems in the history books about this period of English/Scottish history, and I am hoping that at some point towards the end of the talk, we can discuss moving forward with our efforts to locate the buried bodies.”
With this in mind, this presentation exceptionally includes the question and answer session after Frank's talk, in which members of his audience raise points which may help to solve this mystery and perhaps help commemorate and honour the largely forgotten Jacobite soldiers executed as traitors in Cumbria in 1746.
“A Ramble Around James Gibbs"
Talk by Stephen Lord
In this presentation, Stephen Lord, Vice Chair of The 1745 Association, tells the story of the architect James Gibbs. His story is set against the background of the evolution of the British architectural style in the eighteenth century from English Baroque, associated particularly with the reign of Queen Anne, to the Palladian style associated with the Georgian era. Steve begins by placing James Gibb within the family of architects, led by Inigo Jones and including Gibbs' slightly earlier predecessors Sir Christopher Wren, Sir John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor, who led this movement. He then considers Gibbs' own background, development as a protegé of John Erskine, Earl of Mar, and accomplishments. These include the Senate House at Cambridge University, the Radcliffe Camera in Oxford, St Martin-in-the-Fields, Derby Cathedral and St Mary le Strand. Steve concludes his presentation by considering points of Jacobite interest in Gibbs' architectural legacy.
“The Last Stuart Courtiers"
Talk by Dr Stefano Baccolo
In this presentation, Dr Stefano Baccolo describes how the putative King Charles III, more popularly known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, maintained a Royal Court in Exile throughout the period from the death of his father in 1766 to his own death in 1788. Despite his straitened circumstances, the Court was substantial, comprising some 60 courtiers, many of whom supported themselves at no charge to the man they regarded as their King. Stefano summarises the life and career of six of the leading figures at Charles's Court:
the Majordomos, responsible for managing household and financial affairs within the Court, Sir John Hay of Restalrig and Sir John Steuart of Ardvorlich;
Charles' personal secretaries, responsible for managing his diary and appointments, Andrew Lumisden of Edinburgh and Lord John Baptist Caryll;
his gentlemen in waiting, Henry Stafford and Henry Nairne. Henry Nairne, one of the last survivors of the Court, lived to the ripe old age of 90, returning to Scotland where he died in 1812. He was the uncle of Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne, and some of the accounts that Henry Nairne gave to her of the Rising and the character of Charles may have helped inspire her to compose the Jacobite songs still popular today.
“Prince Charles and the Musette"
Talk by Dr Amanda Babington
In a fascinating piece of historical detection, Amanda tells the story of the Musette, an inquiry stimulated by the rather worn-looking Musette in the West Highlands Museum to which is attached a plaque that reads ‘Charles Edward Stuart, last PRINCE of the Royal House of Stuart’. Today, the Musette is a little-known instrument with some similarities to the Northumbrian Pipes and Irish Uilleann Pipes. The Musette fell out of fashion after the French Revolution because of its aristocratic connections.
After telling the story of the Musette, Amanda provides a detailed consideration of the evidence that Charles Edward Stuart himself owned one, and a summary of the musicians who composed music for it. She concludes that the evidence that the Prince personally played the Musette remains circumstantial. However, Amanda continues her quest to find a first-hand account of him playing the instrument, which she believes may exist in one of the smaller archives. Her talk ends on a positive note - whatever the outcome of her research, she has already unveiled a great deal of unpublished information on the evolution of the Musette, the composers associated with it, and its role in court and social life in 18th-century France and Italy.
“Packhorse Days and Ways"
Talk by Janet Niepokojczycka
In this fascinating talk, Janet Niepokojczycka draws on her own experiences during journeys with pack horses in the 1980s and 1990s to describe their attributes and assess the role they played during the Rising of 1745. In her talk, Janet considers the advantages of pack horses over wheeled vehicles as means of transport, and explains how they were deployed to move commodities between Cumbria and London over the centuries, quoting Daniel Defoe who explained how fresh fish was carried from the North of England to Billingsgate Fish Market in the early eighteenth century. The talk concludes by assessing how horses have been deployed in wartime, and their contribution as auxiliary support for the Jacobite Army during its advance to Derby and subsequent retreat over difficult terrain through Shap and Kendal.
“From Clan to Crown"
Talk by Craig Durham
In this talk, Craig Durham tells the remarkable story of how the Clan Fraser regiment was transformed from a rebel force during the Rising of 1745 into an integral part of the British Army.
The Clan Chieftain, Lord Lovat, was executed for High Treason on Tower Hill in April 1747, the last man to be publicly beheaded in Great Britain. Yet just a decade later, the Fraser Highlanders served under General Wolfe, who had been an officer in the Government Army that had defeated them at Culloden, and indeed it is said that Wolfe died in the arms of a Fraser Highlander at Quebec.
A later Lord Lovat established the Lovat Scouts which played a vital role during the Boer War and First World War, while his successor Brigadier Lord Lovat (commemorated in the Sword Beach statue) landed in Normandy on D-Day, June 1944, to the sound of the pipes.
How and why did this remarkable transformation in the loyalties of the Clan Fraser, and their support for the British State, occur? Craig provides the answers in this fascinating presentation.
“John Roy Stuart"
Talk by Mike Nevin
This is a recording of a talk originally given at the Scottish Poetry Library on June 9th 2022 to tell the story behind the John Roy Stuart Cairn built by The 1745 Association in 1999. The talk, by Michael Nevin, Chair of The 1745 Association SCIO, assesses the life, poems and legacy of the Jacobite warrior-poet John Roy Stuart, Colonel of the Edinburgh Regiment during the '45. The presentation covers all 14 of John Roy's surviving poems, dividing his career into six chapters:
Chapter 1: The Education of a Bard, 1700-1730
Chapter 2: Poems of Love and Romance: 1730-1740
Chapter 3: John Roy Stuart during the Rising of 1745
Chapter 4: The Bard of Culloden, 1746
Chapter 5: Acceptance - the final stage of grief. Is 'Latha Chuilodair' the greatest Gaelic Poem ever composed?
Chapter 6: The Legacy.
“The Jacobite Trail of Brittany"
Talk by Thierry Guiheneuf
This fascinating presentation tells the story of the efforts being made to create a Jacobite Trail in Brittany. The presentation describes the key role played by Bretons, many of Irish extraction, in the Rising of 1745, and the story of three voyages launched from the province:
 The voyage of the 'Du Teillay' that carried Prince Charles from Nantes to Eriskay in July 1745, and of the major sea battle between Charles' ship 'The Elisabeth' and HMS 'Lion' during the crossing.
 The voyage of 'Le Mars' and 'La Bellone' to Loch nan Uahm in March / April 1746, which failed to rescue the Prince but did succeed in carrying a number of his supporters back to France.
 The voyage of 'L'heureux' and 'Le Prince de Conti' in September 1746, which did succeed in rescuing the Prince and other Jacobite leaders and carry them back safely to Roscoff, which they reached on October 10th 1746.”
''The '45 in 45 Minutes",
Ten talks on significant yet largely forgotten events of the Rising of 1745, gathered in one Playlist in chronological order of the events they commemorate
The ten talks have a total combined playing time of just under six hours, and are as follows:
September 1745: The Birth of the National Anthem [43 mins] by Paul O'Keeffe
December 1745: The Jacobites in Cumbria [32 mins] by Frank Morgan-Grant
January 1746: The Death of Young Glengarry [51 mins] by Glen MacDonald
February 1746: The Fate of 'Le Prince Charles - An Incident in the Kyle of Tongue [29 mins] by Steve Lord
April 1746: Conserving Culloden Battlefield [21 mins] In the 2021 National Trust for Scotland-1745 Association Annual Culloden Lecture by Andrew Grant McKenzie
Early June 1746: Jacobite Standards of the '45 [32 mins] by Robert Dennis
Late June 1746: Monkstadt House, Flora MacDonald and Charles Edward Stuart [56 mins] by Glen MacDonald
September 20th 1746: Lochaber No More: The Story of The Prince's Cairn at Loch nan Uamh [30 mins] by Paul Macdonald
July, August & November 1746: The Kennington Martyrs [38 mins] by Steven Robb
October 23rd 1746: When Madame de Pompadour met Bonnie Prince Charlie - A Tragedy in Three Acts [24 mins] by Michael Nevin
'The King Shall Enjoy His Own Again'
by Charlie Zahm
“The King shall enjoy his own again” is a Restoration song composed to celebrate the return of Charles II to the throne of Great Britain and Ireland after the death of Oliver Cromwell and the fall of his oppressive Puritan regime. The song's upbeat melody evokes the sense of fun and gaiety associated with the Merrie Monarch.
85 years later, on the day after the Battle of Prestonpans, it is recorded that a hundred pipers played the song in the streets of the Canongate to welcome Charles II's Great Nephew, Prince Charles Edward Stuart, to the Palace of Holyrood after his victory.
As they sang around the statue of Charles II on horseback that still stands today in Edinburgh's Parliament Square, the Jacobites believed it would not be long before the Bonnie Prince would emulate his uncle's success and achieve a second Stuart Restoration.
by Charlie Zahm
Charlie puts his trusty bodhrán drum to good use in his rendition of James Hogg’s ‘MacLean’s Welcome’. Originally published in the Ettrick Shepherd’s ‘Jacobite Relics’ in 1817, more than 70 years after the Rising, the song is a romanticised story of the rapturous welcome supposedly accorded the Bonnie Prince, and is described by one critic as “a voluptuous fabric of assonance and alliteration, hypnotic repetition and double rhyme”
21/08/2021 - St George's Commemoration
Every year, The 1745 Association remembers the sixteen Jacobite officers executed in 1746 for their part in the Rising of 1745 and buried in St George's Gardens, Bloomsbury.
In this video of the 2021 commemoration, Stephen Lord tells their story and gives the names of the men who lie in the Gardens - 9 officers of the Manchester Regiment, 6 Scottish officers, and John Hamilton, Jacobite Governor of Carlisle. His address is followed by a pibroch played in their honour, the Lament of Donald of Laggan, played by Roddy Livingstone.
'The Skye Boat Song'
by Charlie Zahm
'The Skye Boat Song' is one of the best-known songs recalling the Jacobite Rising of 1745, although its lyrics were composed more than a century after the events to which it relates.
The song tells the story of the escape of Prince Charles Edward Stuart from Benbecula to the Isle of Skye on June 28th 1746 under the guise of Betty Burke, maidservant to Flora MacDonald.
This rendition, sung to mark the 275th anniversary of the crossing by 1745 Association troubadour Charlie Zahm, captures the song's haunting emotional blend of sorrow at remembrance of Culloden, relief at the Prince’s salvation under Flora's protection, and hope for his safe return.
'John Roy's Psalm'
by Charlie Zahm
'John Roy's Psalm' is the only surviving song of the warrior-poet John Roy Stuart originally composed in English rather than his native Gaelic. This is perhaps because it is composed to the tune of the 23rd Psalm, which John Roy would have learnt in English.
Performed in this video by Association member Charlie Zahm.
'Preston Peggy's Song'
by Charlie Zahm
'Preston Peggy's Song' is one of the more cheerful melodies to emerge from the Rising of 1745, telling the story of how "Long Preston Peggy to Proud Preston went / To see the Scotch Rebels it was her intent."
Posted in conjunction with our Chairman Mike Nevin's recent article on the Manchester Regiment which was recently published in the Lancashire Post.
by Charlie Zahm
The latest 1745 Association “talk” took place on 4th March 2021 in the form of a concert given by our member Mr Charlie Zahm.
Charlie provided us with excellent entertainment with his rendition of several Jacobite songs. He accompanied himself with guitar and bodhran.
The songs available via the link are as follows:
The News From Moidart
Cam Ye O'er Fae France
Hey Johnnie Cope!
The Bonnie Banks of Loch Lomond
Lochaber No More
The video of a commemorative event organised by The 1745 Association to help raise awareness and understanding of a cathartic moment in Scottish and British history. In August 1689, a Jacobite Army supporting the restoration of King James VII and II met a Williamite Army at Dunkeld in the Scottish Highlands. In August 2019, The 1745 Association gathered at Dunkeld to remember the events of that fateful day.
The Story of Killiecrankie Battlefield and Transport Scotland's plan to destroy its heart
This is about the proposed road works that Transport Scotland are looking to dual the A9 through the Battlefield of Killicrankie. They are proposing to duel the south side of the existing road which will destroy the most important part of the Battlefield.
The aim is to get to get them to change their plans and dual the north side of the A9 which would have much less impact on the battlefield.